Continued reduction of extreme poverty will require targeted interventions to help the poorest increase their standard of living. Effective social protection programs are critical to this effort. Livelihood development programs, lump-sum cash transfers, and graduation programs have the potential to help the very poor increase incomes to move out of extreme poverty.
The graduation approach is expected to grow in scale and influence, with strong demand from governments to create nationally scaled programs. Governments and other implementers are showing keen interest in innovations to (1) adapt the approach to additional vulnerable segments, such as refugees, extreme poor urban households, or disadvantaged youth; (2) expand the range of income-earning options beyond rural livelihoods; and (3) improve cost-effectiveness through measures such as digitization of transfers and financial services or group-based delivery of coaching and social support.