Dr. Downing is the Senior Business Development Services (BDS) Advisor at the USAID Global Bureau's Office of Microenterprise Development. She has worked on small and microenterprise development over the last twenty years, focusing primarily on business development services. This work has included urban-rural linkage analysis as part of a cooperative agreement with Clark University; agribusiness initiatives promoted by USAID's former Office of Market Development; research on microenterprise development under the former GEMINI Project and with a World-Bank, small and micro enterprise development research project; and as a long-term consultant for MD's MicroServe Project. Dr. Downing teaches the course Value Chains and Micro and Small Enterprise Growth.